LC card #: sn83-30455
"We wish to plead our own cause.Too long have others spoken for us."
Thus declare Samuel Cornish and John B. Russwurm on the front page of Freedom's Journal, the first African-American owned and operated newspaper published in the United
States. The Journal was published weekly in New York City from 1827 to 1829. John
B. Russwurm edited the journal alone between March 16, 1827 andMarch 28, 1829. Later,
Samuel Cornish served as co-editor (March 16, 1827 to September 14, 1827). Freedom's
Journal was superseded by The Rights of All, published between 1829 and 1830 by S. E. Cornish.
Freedom's Journal provided international, national, and regional information on current events and
contained editorials declaiming slavery, lynching, and other injustices. The Journal
also published biographies of prominent African-Americans and listings of births,
deaths, and marriages in the African-American New York community. Freedom's Journal circulated in 11 states, the District of Columbia, Haiti, Europe, and Canada.
The newspaper employed subscription agents. One of these, David Walker, in 1829 published
the first of four articles that called for rebellion. Walker's Appeal stated that ".it is no more harm for you to kill the man who is trying to kill you thanit is for
you to take a drink of water," this bold attack was widely read. Walker distributed copies of his pamphlet into
the South, where it was widely banned.