LC card #: sn83-30455
"We wish to plead our own cause.Too long have others spoken for us."
Thus declare Samuel Cornish and John B. Russwurm on the front page of Freedom's Journal,
the first African-American owned and operated newspaper published in the United States.
The Journal was published weekly in New York City from 1827 to 1829. John B. Russwurm
edited the journal alone between March 16, 1827 andMarch 28, 1829. Later, Samuel
Cornish served as co-editor (March 16, 1827 to September 14, 1827). Freedom's Journal
was superseded by The Rights of All, published between 1829 and 1830 by S. E. Cornish.
Freedom's Journal provided international, national, and regional information on current
events and contained editorials declaiming slavery, lynching, and other injustices.
The Journal also published biographies of prominent African-Americans and listings
of births, deaths, and marriages in the African-American New York community. Freedom's
Journal circulated in 11 states, the District of Columbia, Haiti, Europe, and Canada.
The newspaper employed subscription agents. One of these, David Walker, in 1829 published
the first of four articles that called for rebellion. Walker's Appeal stated that ".it is no more harm for you to kill the man who is trying to kill you
thanit is for you to take a drink of water," this bold attack was widely read. Walker
distributed copies of his pamphlet into the South, where it was widely banned.