Health and Physical Education

Department:Secondary & Middle School Education (K-12 & 6-12)

Chairperson:Mary Grace Bator

Faculty:Sarah Buck, Mark Kutame, Deborah Nelson, Edward Reed, Robert Szyman

Degree(s)/Certification(s):B.S. Ed. in Physical Education (Grades K-12)
+ State of Illinois Type 10 Certificate

Content Designations:HS PE

The Department of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation offers a Bachelor of Science in Education degree in Physical Education. The department also offers minors in health, recreation, and physical education. The Physical Education Program provides courses of study in physical education and dance with career opportunities in teaching, coaching, health education, driver education, and fitness certification.

The physical education program is accredited by the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE), and meets Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE) standards in physical education. Completion of the Physical Education Program qualifies students for an initial Type 10 Illinois Special Certificate in physical education for grades K-12. Certification requires the successful completion of the Illinois Certificate Tests of Basic Skills, Physical Education, and Assessment of Professional

Teaching (Special: K-12).

General Requirements

  • Students are responsible for meeting the program and College requirements in effect at the time they officially register in a teacher education program leading to certification at Chicago State University, regardless of when they were admitted to the university.
  • Admission to the program is contingent upon good academic standing and acceptance by the department.
  • Admission to the College of Education is required prior to registration in any professional education courses other than PSYC 2020; S ED 4301; PE 2800 and PE 3040, and PE 1950.
  • All physical education majors and certification students are required to take PE 1900 Seminar in Physical Education the first semester they begin taking courses.
  • A one credit hour review course for the Illinois Certification Content Area Test in Physical Education is strongly encouraged before applying for student teaching.
  • All student teachers will demonstrate they have met the Illinois Professional Teaching Standards, including mastery of the content knowledge as evidenced by a passing score on the Illinois Certification Content Area Test in Physical Education. Students must submit proof of passing the certification test to the Office of Field Placement before they will be allowed to apply to student teach. In addition, all candidates must pass the Assessment of Professional Teaching (APT) certification test (Special: K-12) before completing student teaching.
  • All degree requirements must be completed within six years.

content: Candidates must abide by all College policies stated in this catalog, unless exceptions or adherence to higher expectations are contentd in program documentation.

Students must complete - 124 credit hours in:

General education - 40 credit hours

Area of specialization - 53 credit hours

Professional education - 31 credit hours

Specific Requirements

General Education / 40 credit hours

Composition 6 credit hours

ENG 1270 and 1280.

Humanities 12 credit hours

CMAT 1130; Foreign Language Elective; 6 hours in a single language

ART 2150

Natural Sciences 10 credit hours

BIOL 1080; ZOOL 2050; physical

science elective. At least one course must be a laboratory course.

Social Sciences 9 credit hours

POL SCI 1010; PSYC 1100 and 2040.

Mathematics 3 credit hours

MATH 1010.

Students who enter the Physical Education program with a completed AA or AS degree are required to take an anatomy course and a childhood through adolescent psychology course.

Area of Specialization / 53 credit hours

Required Physical Education Courses / 42 credit hours

PE 2010, 2070, 2080, 2130, 2140, 2360, 2363, 2380, 2390, 2500, 2610, 2611, 2620, 3010, 3030, 3280, 3520, 4022.

Required Supportive Courses 11 credit hours PE 1900, 3092; HPR 2500; H&S 1570, 2200; REC 2300.

These courses must be passed with at least a grade of C.

Professional Education

Courses / 31 credit hours

PSYC 2020; S ED 4301 and 4303*; ED 4500*; READ 4100*; P E 1950, 2800, 3040, 4530*, 4540*, 4750*.

These courses must be passed with at least a grade of C.

* Restricted to students admitted to the College of Education.

The requirements for minors must be completed prior to graduation in order for the minor to appear on the transcript.

Minor in Health / 24 credit hours

Required Courses

H&S 1570, 2250, 4010, 4040, 4060, 4070, 4630, and 4750.

Minor in Physical Education Change / 20 credit hours

Required Courses

PE 2050, 2380 or 2390, 2610, 2360 and PE activity electives at the 1000 level (2 credit hours).

Specialty Areas / 10 credit hours

Select one of three specialty areas:

Fitness: HPR 1200 plus PE Fitness Activity course 3410, 4420, and physical activity courses (2 credit hours)

Dance: PE 1030, 1130, 1270, 1290, 1300; PE 2090 (3 credit hours); PE 2140.

Coaching: HPR 2500; PE 2170, 4260, ADD PE 3280.

Dance– see Physical Education (PE)

Health, Physical Education and Recreation (HPER) Course Offerings

2500/250 ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION OF HEALTH, PHYSICAL EDUCATION, RECREATION AND ATHLETICS   (2)

Organization and administration of programs and facilities.

Health and Safety (HS) Course Offerings

1580/158 ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND DRUGS (2)

Use and abuse of stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, tobacco, alcohol and other drugs harmful to the body.

2200 PERSONAL HEALTH & WELLNESS (3)

An overview of wellness concepts and theories from interdisciplinary perspectives. Planning and implementation of wellness activities from a holistic approach. Development of skills, attitudes, beliefs, and habits by providing learning experiences that will assist in achieving an optimal level of wellness through self-responsibility. Fitness activity sessions will be included in the course programming.

2250/225 INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH ISSUES (1)

An introduction to the study of health issues that affect intellectual, emotional and physical well-being.

3030/303 CONTEMPORARY METHODS AND MATERIALS IN HEALTH EDUCATION (3)

Contemporary principles, methods, objectives and functions of health sciences. Teaching techniques and curriculum design for school health programs.

3040/304 PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC HEALTH (3)

To serve as an orientation course for those interested in public health work; to update the student to the most recent public health techniques in vital statistics; epidemiological studies, environmental information, public health as an instrument for social change. The course also examines the future of public health.

4020 HIV/AIDS AND OTHER STD ISSUES (3)

Current issues in HIV/AIDS and other STDs will be explored and discussed. Focus will be teaching young adults the facts of these diseases, promoting healthy relationships, and responsible sexual behavior. Discussion will also be introduced on the implications of these diseases in the world today and the future for young adults.

4030/303 CONTEMPORARY METHODS AND MATERIALS IN HEALTH EDUCATION (3)

Contemporary principles, methods, objectives and functions of health sciences. Teaching techniques and curriculum design for school health programs.

4040/304 PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC HEALTH (3)

To serve as an orientation course for those interested in public health work; to update the student to the most recent public health techniques in vital statistics; epidemiological studies, environmental information, public health as an instrument for social change. The course also examines the future of public health.

4050/305 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN HEALTH EDUCATION (3)

Analyze current development, trends and controversies in health education. Examine issues affecting the health educators in various work settings including public health, occupational health, safety and school health, and higher education.

4060/306 CURRENT INTERNATIONAL HEALTH ISSUES (3)

Critical analysis and in-depth investigation of ongoing and controversial national and international health issues.

4070/307 CURRENT HEALTH PROBLEMS OF SCHOOL CHILDREN (3)

A course designed to acquaint students with the recognition of the health problems of school children and their needs. Referral procedures for treatment and follow-up.

4080/308 METHODS OF TEACHING SEX EDUCATION (3)

Acquaints students and teachers with current principles and methods of teaching human sexuality. Credit not given for both PE 308 and H&S 308.

4400 NUTRITION AND HEALTH FOR SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN K-12 (3)

This course is designed to examine the principles of nutrition and their effects on the health of children grades K-12. Analyze current developments, trends, and controversies in nutrition. Discuss how nutrition issues affect the health educator and student in various areas including diet, exercise and disease.

4420 DRUGS: PROMOTING RESPONSIBLE AND HEALTHY BEHAVIOR (3) 

An investigation into the disease concept of chemical dependency, early intervention, and prevention methods in the areas of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco. History of drugs, disease concept of drugs, effects of drugs on health, drugs relationship to violence will be discussed through practice teaching methods for grades K-12.

4440 PERSONAL HEALTH AND WELLNESS FOR CHILDREN K-12 (3)

Covers the social, emotional and physical components of wellness with a focus on personal assessment and tools to design a wellness plan for life. Students explore methods for promoting health in the elementary, junior high and high school classroom.

4500/350 DRIVER EDUCATION FIELD (3)

Prerequisite: Driver’s license and consent of the department.

Highway rules and regulations. Materials, methods, and procedures. Emphasis on behavioral changes. Use of dual control cars in traffic. Additional course fee.

4560/356 ADVANCED TRAFFIC SAFETY AND INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS (3)

Prerequisite: Valid driver’s license.

Methods and techniques of range instruction for Secondary school students. Instruction for multiple car programs. Practice in the use of dual control car emphasizing updated defensive driving techniques. Credit can not be given for both HS 4560 and HS 410.

4570/357 ADVANCED SAFETY EDUCATION (3)

Prerequisite: Valid driver’s license and consent of department

Investigation and research of the major areas of safety to include home safety, fire safety, personal protection and fire arm safety, motor vehicle and pedestrian safety, natural/man-made disasters, recreational safety, occupational safety and school safety.

4600/360 CONSUMER HEALTH EDUCATION (3)

In-depth analysis of why health consumers behave as they do and the economic costs of the health care system.

4610/361 TEACHING METHODS IN ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND DRUG EDUCATION (3)

Overview of the alcohol, tobacco and drug problem in society. Special emphasis will be placed on classroom methods in drug use and abuse education.

4620/362 CURRICULUM IN HEALTH EDUCATION (3)

Analyzes the significance of current trends in curriculum theory and design; develops objectives, content, learning approaches, resource teaching-learning materials, and evaluation as components of a curriculum guide.

4630/363 COMMUNITY HEALTH (3)

Foundation for community health. Strategies for community programs and health care delivery system.

4750/375 FIELD EXPERIENCE IN HEALTH /1 (6)

Prerequisite: H&S 2250 and Consent of Department.

Volunteer service in a self-chosen health care agency with direct supervision from the course instructor and health care agency supervisor. Seminar meets one-hour each week. Eight-five hours of volunteer service are required. Credit not given for both H S 4750 and H S 2205.

4800  SAFETY EDUCATION AND PREVENTION OF INJURIES  (3)

Prerequisite: Consent of the Department.

Investigation and research of the major areas of safety and injury prevention to include the areas of motor vehicle, pedestrian, home, personal protection, firearm, recreation, fire, school, natural/man-made disasters, and occupational hazards. 

4810 DRIVER TASK ANALYSIS (4)

Prerequisite: Valid Driver’s License, Consent of Department.

Emphasis on the thought process to learn, adapt, analyze and apply highway rules and regulations to all driving situations and conditions.  This course cannot be used as an elective in the graduate physical education program.

4820 TEACHING METHODS IN THE DRIVER EDUCATION CLASSROOM (4)

Prerequisites: Valid Driver’s License and Consent of Department.

>Methods, materials, and procedures for teaching driver education content to school students in the classroom.  This class cannot be used as an elective in the graduate physical education program.

4830 LABORATORY INSTRUCTION AND EMERGENCY EVASIVE DRIVING SKILLS (4)

Prerequisite: Valid Driver’s License, Consent of Department.

>Laboratory experience under the instruction of a qualified driver education teacher in driving simulation, multiple car programs and on-street teaching.  Classroom instruction will include advanced driving situations and emergency evasive driving.  This class cannot be used as an elective in the graduate physical education program. 

Physical Education (PE) (PE Non-Major Courses) Course Offerings

1030/103 CHOREOGRAPHY ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Using the basic elements of rhythm to choreograph music for recreational dance and fitness classes. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1040/104 YOGA ACTIVITY /2 (1)

An introduction to Hatha Yoga, which is a system of exercising and breathing techniques. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1060 INTRO TO HIP-HOP DANCE ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Fundamentals, technique and history of Hip-Hop dance.

1070/107 FOLK AND ETHNIC DANCE ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Folk dances of various countries applicable to use in school educational and recreational programs. Introduction to ethnic dances through various forms of rhythmic movement.

1120/112 CALISTHENIC/AEROBIC TRAINING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Stations of callisthenic exercises alternating with aerobics, performed to music, for muscle endurance toning and aerobic conditioning. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1130/113 BEGINNING JAZZ DANCE ACTIVITY /2 (1)

An introductory course designed to explore the history and various styles of jazz dance as an art form of American heritage. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1160/116 GOLF ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Fundamental skills. Rules, equipment and tournament play. Additional course fee.

1170/117 BEGINNING TENNIS ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Fundamental skills. Rules, equipment and tournament play. Additional course fee.

1190/119 SQUARE DANCING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Steps and calls of popular and less familiar square dance routines.

1200/120 BEGINNING SWIMMING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Fundamental skills. American Red Cross tests.

1210/121 LOW IMPACT AEROBICS ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Aerobic exercise performed to music using vigorous arm movements instead of vigorous jumping to condition the cardiovascular system. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1220/122 BEGINNING BOWLING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Introduction to the sport of bowling, including essential bowling skills, equipment, and scoring.

1230/123 FITNESS AND CONDITIONING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Fitness and conditioning of the body through weight training, exercising and jogging. Individualized programs will be recorded. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1240/124 FENCING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Fundamental skills and techniques of foil fencing.

1270/127 INTRODUCTION TO BALLET ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Provides beginning students with fundamentals of ballet, including terminology, technique, and performance. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1280/128 BASKETBALL ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Fundamental techniques, skills and strategy of basketball for the novice as well as the skilled.

1290/129 MODERN DANCE ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Dance as a mode of creative self expression. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1300/130 TAP AND CHARACTER DANCE ACTIVITY /2 (1)

A comprehensive course including tap, soft-shoe, clog, and character dance. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1340/134 BEGINNING WEIGHTLIFTING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Beginning course in weightlifting, stressing fundamentals and a variety of experience for body conditioning and improvement. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1350/136 INTERMEDIATE SWIMMING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Prerequisite: Consent of the department.

Intermediate, knowledge and conditioning essential for swimming. Open only to swimmers who can execute a minimum of one of five basic strokes in deep water, perform a standing dive and tread deep water.

1370/137 CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Introductory course in basic techniques of cross country skiing.

1400/140 JOGGING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

A personalized program on the how and why of jogging. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1420/142 AEROBIC DANCE ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Aerobic exercises with vigorous dance movements to strengthen the cardiovascular system. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1450/145 JAZZ-X-RCISE ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Focuses on muscle tone and strength development through choreographed calisthenics. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1490/149 POCKET BILLIARDS ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Fundamental knowledge and skills needed for participating in the various forms of the activity.

1600/160 STEP AEROBICS ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Practical application of the Health & Wellness course. Frequency, duration and intensity training principles effectively instructed with the use of steps. A cardiovascular workout to improve fitness and control weight. May be repeated for grade and credit.

1620/162 POWER WALKING ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Practical application of the activity guidelines for personal fitness. Experience the various skills and intensities designed for walking off weight. Students learn to design a walking program they can enjoy for a lifetime. May be repeated for grade and credit.

2030/203 AQUA DYNAMICS ACTIVITY 2 (1)

A conditioning program designed to attain and maintain physical fitness through water related activities

and exercises. No swimming skills are required.

2040/204 HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS (3)

Principles and practices required for the teaching and learning of health and physical education concepts developmentally appropriate for grades K-8. Content focus includes movement skills, health-related physical fitness, team building, and personal and community health. Designated for pre-service teachers outside of the physical education major.

2050/205 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF HUMAN MOVEMENT (1)

An introduction to the study of the psychomotor domain with emphasis on human movement.

2090/209 DANCE PERFORMANCE STUDY /ACTIVITY 2-4 (1-2)

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor.

Provides opportunities to perform with a company of dancers who plan, rehearse, and perform informal and formal dance presentations. May be repeated for up to ten credit hours.

2170/217 CARE AND PREVENTION OF ATHLETIC INJURIES LECTURE AND LABORATORY /4 (2)

Athletic injury recognition, prevention, evaluation, management, and care. Includes safety techniques, diagnostic procedures, massage, bandaging, and taping. Skills necessary for American Red Cross Sports

Safety Training Certification.

2180/218 AQUATICS ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Skills required to pass the American Red Cross swimmers’ test.

2230/223 TRACK AND FIELD ACTIVITY /2 (1)

Introduction to track and field. Conditioning; track events; field events; organization of track meets; duties and responsibilities of track officials.

2290/229 LIFEGUARDING ACTIVITY /4 (2)

Skills necessary for the American Red Cross lifeguarding test.

2300/230 DIETETICS, PHYSICAL FITNESS AND WEIGHT CONTROL ACTIVITY /5 (4)

A course designed for the control of gross body weight and improvement of physical condition (wellness) through diet analysis, physical fitness understanding and exercise.

2340/234 ADVANCED WEIGHT TRAINING ACTIVITY /3 (2)

Prerequisite: PE 1340/134, or equivalent, or consent of the instructor.

Specific individualized, exercise prescriptions for fitness, rehabilitation and training, power lifting, Olympic lifting, body building and athletics. Diagnosis, supervision and evaluation will take place. May be repeated for grade and credit.

2420/242 ADVANCED AEROBIC DANCE ACTIVITY /3 (2)

Prerequisite: P E 1210/121 or 1420/142 or consent of the instructor.

Advanced aerobics program taught at high intensity for those individuals seeking to increase their levels to an advanced stage or for those at an advanced level wishing to maintain. All exercises are performed to music. Daily log keeping required. May be repeated for grade and credit. 

2980/298 SPECIAL TOPICS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION (1-3)

Prerequisite: Consent of the department.

Study of a selected subject.

3270/327 ADVANCED ATHLETIC TRAINING ACTIVITY /4 (3)

Prerequisites: PE 2170/217 and 227.

Advanced theories and methods of athletic training principles.

3370/337 APPLIED ASPECTS OF THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES AND EXERCISE (3)

Prerequisite: PE 3270/327.

Therapeutic modality use, covering electromuscular stimulation, ultrasound, hydrotherapy, cryotherapy, manipulation and myofacial release theories and methods as they are applied to the athletic training environment.

3340/334 THEORY AND PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICAL FITNESS (3)

Provides an understanding of the theory and principles behind fitness training, its effects on the body, and its place in a healthy lifestyle. Additional course fee.

3410/341 PERSONAL TRAINING CERTIFICATION (3)

Prerequisite: CPR certification

Lecture, discussion, and activity sessions in areas required for working with apparently healthy adults. Topics include: screening and evaluating, exercise program designs, exercise techniques, nutrition, and motivational and leadership skills.

3800/380 INSTRUCTOR CANDIDATE TRAINING (1)

Successful completion of this course is a prerequisite to all instructor-level American Red Cross (ARC) certifications. Content includes the organization’s role of an instructor and methodology generic to all ARC instructor certification classes.

3810/381 FIRST AID AND CPR INSTRUCTOR CERTIFICATION (1-2)

Prerequisite: ICT certification, certification in specific basic class(es).

Successful completion of this course will qualify the student to instruct American Red Cross certification classes in first aid and CPR.

3820/382 WATER SAFETY INSTRUCTOR CERTIFICATION (2)

Prerequisite: Demonstrate quality strokes, 50 yards front and back crawl, breast, side, elementary back and 10-yard butterfly; community lifesaving certification; instructor candidate training certification. Successful completion of the course will qualify the student to teach and certify in: the Learn to Swim program (I-VII); and the infant and preschool aquatic program.

3830/383 LIFEGUARDING INSTRUCTOR CERTIFICATION (3)

Prerequisite: Lifeguard training certification, CPR for the professional rescuer certification, basic first aid certification (may be part of class), and ICT certification.

Successful completion of this course will qualify the student to teach and certify in basic lifeguarding; lifeguard training; modules in water front, water park; and CPR for the professional rescuer.

3840/384 INSTRUCTOR TRAINER CERTIFICATION (3)

Prerequisite: Currently authorized to teach in desired specialty area; pre-interview questions; letter of recommendation; observation of teaching; 30-40 minute interview; acceptance as Instructor Trainer Candidate.

Instructor Trainer Candidate course, full specialty class observations, full specialty class co-teaching (cadre). Observed solo teaching (cadre). Successful completion qualifies the student to teach and certify instructor-level American Red Cross certification classes in the specialty area.

3860/386 WORKSHOP IN AMERICAN RED CROSS INSTRUCTOR CERTIFICATION (1-3)

Certification in a specialty area through American Red Cross qualifying methods (i.e., cross over, modified, update, review, or challenge).

3980/398 WORKSHOP IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION (1-3)

Prerequisite: Consent of the department.

Designed for teachers to study selected contemporary issues, trends, and problems in physical education.

4050/305 TECHNIQUES OF OFFICIATING FIELD /15 CLOCK HOURS (2)

Interpretation and application of the principles, rules and techniques of officiating team sports and individual and dual activities. Fifteen field hours include observation and aiding.

4060/306 PHYSIOLOGY AND MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF COACHING (3)

Prerequisite: P E 3010 and 3030 or consent of the department.

A study of the human body as related to the heart, lungs, conditioning, stress and mechanics of movement and anatomy as a benefit to coaching.

4070/307 CHILDREN AND YOUTH IN SPORT AND RECREATION (3)

The consequence of participation in organized sport for children and youth will be examined from historical, developmental, philosophical, psychological, physiological, and sociological perspectives. The course will focus on the ethics, problems and controversies of children’s participation in sport. Credit will not be given for both PE 307/G and REC 307/G.

4090/309 HISTORY, PRINCIPLES, AND PHILOSOPHY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION (3)

Biological, social, and psychological interpretations of physical education. Philosophical concepts from ancient Roman and Greek cultures to the present.

4170/317 PROGRESSIVE RHYTHMIC ACTIVITIES (3)

Progressive rhythmic activities for all grades, including singing, games, folk dances, and square dances.

4255/325 THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES OF COACHING (3)

Skills, knowledge, and techniques required for the coaching of youth and interscholastic athletics. NASPE approved coaching certificate (e.g. PACE, ASEP) upon passing certification examinations.

4310/331 PERSONAL TRAINER PRACTICUM /6 (3)

Prerequisite: Consent of the Department.

Practical experience in personal training. Establishing, initiating, and conducting a trainer-client supervised relationship. Assessment, programming, record keeping, nutritional analysis, workout supervision and motivation.

4420/342 AEROBIC INSTRUCTOR CERTIFICATION ACTIVITY /3(2)

Prerequisite: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Lecture, discussion and activity sessions in areas required for the proper and safe teaching of exercise classes. Lecture sessions include exercise programming, teaching methods, exercise physiology, applied anatomy, and fitness assessment. Activity sessions include stretching, conditioning, aerobic exercise, and fitness assessment.

4850/385 ADVENTURE CHALLENGE EDUCATION IN RECREATION AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION (3)

Use of a variety of leisure education environments for teaching and leading group activities in physical education and recreation, emphasizing trust, cooperation, problem solving, and physically challenging experiences. (This course is the same as REC 385.)

4940/394 HIGH ADVENTURE ACTIVITIES AND RISK RECREATION (3)

Exposure to various forms of high adventure outdoor recreation, for example cross country and downhill skiing, orienteering, rappelling, horseback riding, canoeing, and backpacking. Emphasis on learning and teaching the basic skills of outdoor activities through classroom discussion and active participation.

4999/399 INDEPENDNT STUDY (3)

Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing or graduate student; permission of instructor, and consent of the department.

Designed to investigate individual student related problems in physical education and its related areas with the possibility of interdisciplinary research.