Biological Sciences

Department Chairperson:Floyd W. Banks

Faculty: Walid Al-Ghoul, Anser Azim, Floyd W. Banks, Timothy J. Bell, Christopher Botanga, Mark A. Erhart, Joyce Ache Gana, Rong Lucy He, Karel Jacobs, Ross Johnson, Andrew Maselli, Eric L. Peters, Venkateswara Potluri, James R. Rastorfer (Emeritus), Juanita Sharpe, Kevin Swier, Laurie R. Walter, Marian Wilson-Comer(Emeritus)

The Department of Biological Sciences offers a Bachelor of Science degree in Biology consisting of five options: General Biology, Environmental Biology, Microbial/Molecular Biology, Premedical/Pre-dental, Secondary Teaching, and a minor in Biological Sciences. Students may take courses in biological science, botany, physiology, and zoology. Students following the liberal arts curriculum may prepare themselves for a variety of positions in private industry, government or field naturalist services, as well as for graduate studies in any of the biological sciences or for the professional study of medicine or dentistry. Completion of the Secondary Teaching Option in Biology qualifies students for an Initial Type 09 Illinois High

School Certificate with a high school endorsement in science, a biological science designation for grades 9-12, and middle grade endorsements in biological science, physical science, and general science for grades 6-8.

Certification requires the successful completion of the Illinois Certification Tests of Basic Skills, Biology, and Assessment of Professional Teaching (Secondary 6-12). The Secondary Teaching Program is accredited by the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), and meets Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE) standards in science education.

Assessment: Participation by students is sought by the Department of Biological Sciences for the purpose of assessing curriculum matters and academic progress by students. Participation is requested near the beginning of the student’s program, part way through the student’s program and after graduation. Responses by students to departmental offerings are important and are used to change and improve departmental options. The complete assessment plan and prior assessment reports can be viewed at the departmental office.

Biology majors will be considered “intended” until they have completed the following courses (or equivalents) with a grade of C or better in each course: BIOL 1710/ 171, 2550/ 255; BOT 2050/ 205; ZOOL 2040/ 204; CHEM 1550/ 155, 1560/ 156; MATH 1200/ 162, 1210/ 163; and ENG 1270/ 127, 1280/ 128.

Honors Program in Biology

Admissions Requirements-Students who desire to graduate with Honors in Biology must:

Have a GPA of 3.25 in biology and overall GPA of 3.0;

Be juniors (sophomores may apply during their second semester); and

Complete course requirements over the course of three to four semesters

Take 6-9 credit hours in Honors Courses;

Take 3-6 hours of research independent study;

Write an Honors Thesis.

General Biology Option

General Requirements

Admission to the program is contingent

upon good academic standing and acceptance by the department. The department will not accept D transfer

credits in any biology courses. Biology majors must earn a grade of C or better in all required Biology courses and may earn a maximum of one D in required supportive courses. Once enrolled at Chicago State University, biology majors may not take a major or supportive course at a two-year college. Completion of 120 semester hours of work: 15hrs of Gen Ed [6hrs Composition, 6 hrs Foreign language,3 hrs Math; 27hrs of General requirements : 9 hrs Humanities, 9hrs Physical and life sciences, 9hrs Social sciences (with embedded requirements of 3 hrs Critical thinking, 3hrs Diversity course, 3hrs Fine Arts and 3 hrs Interdisciplinary courses); 37 hours in biology; 34 hours in supportive courses; 7 hours in electives selected with the departmental advisor’s approval; and passing the examination on the state and federal constitutions.

Specific Requirements

Required Courses (27 credit hours)

BIOL 1600/160, 1710/171, 3040/240, 3050/250, 2550/255, 4520/352; BOT

2050/205; PSLY 2040/204; ZOOL 2040/204.

Elective Courses (10 credit hours)

10 credit hours in biology selected from 2000 and 3000 level departmental listings.

Required Supportive Courses (34 credit hours)

CHEM 1550/ 155, 1560/ 156; and either a sequence consisting of CHEM 2500/ 251 and 2510/ 254 OR a sequence consisting of CHEM 2010/ 201 followed by 4302/ 302; PHYS 1510/ 151 and 1520/ 152; MATH 1200/ 162, 1210/ 163, and 1410/ 261.

Environmental Biology Option

General Requirements

  • Admission to the program is contingent upon good academic standing and acceptance by the department.
  • The department will not accept D transfer credits in any biology courses.
  • Biology majors must earn a grade of C or better in all required Biology courses and may earn a maximum of one D in required supportive courses.
  • Once enrolled at Chicago State University, biology majors may not take a major or supportive course at a two-year college.
  • Completion of 121 semester hours of work: 15hrs of Gen Ed [6hrs Composition, 6 hrs Foreign language,3 hrs Math; 27hrs of General requirements : 9 hrs Humanities, 9hrs Physical and life sciences, 9hrs Social sciences (with embedded requirements of 3 hrs Critical thinking, 3hrs Diversity course, 3hrs Fine Arts and 3 hrs Interdisciplinary courses).

41 hours in biology; 38 hours in supportive courses; and passing the examination on the state and federal constitutions.

Specific Requirements

Required Courses (37 credit hours)

BIOL 1600/ 160, 1710/ 171, 3040/ 240, 3050/ 250, 2550/ 255, 4070/ 307, 4015/ 315,

4520/ 352, 3055/ 355, and 4730/ 373; BOT 2050/ 205; ZOOL 2040/ 204.

Elective Biology Courses (4 credit hours)

Four credit hours in biology selected with the departmental advisor’s approval from

BIOL 3690/ 269, 3080/ 280, 4500/ 305, 4910/ 391; PSLY 4210/ 321.

Required Supportive Courses (38 credit hours)

CHEM 1550/ 155, 1560/ 156, 2500/ 251, 2510/ 254; PHYS

1510/ 151 and 1520/ 152; MATH 1200/ 162,1210/ 163, and 1410/ 261

Microbial/Molecular Biology Option

General Requirements

  • Admission to the program is contingent upon good academic standing and acceptance by the department.
  • The department will not accept D transfer credits in any Biology courses.
  • Biology majors must earn a grade of C or better in all required Biology courses and may earn a maximum of one D in required supportive courses.
  • Once enrolled at Chicago State University, Biology majors may not take a major or supportive course at a two-year college.
  • Completion of 120 semester hours of work: 15hrs of Gen Ed [6hrs Composition, 6 hrs Foreign language,3 hrs Math; 27hrs of General requirements : 9 hrs Humanities, 9hrs Physical and life sciences, 9hrs Social sciences (with embedded requirements of 3 hrs Critical thinking, 3hrs Diversity course, 3hrs Fine Arts and 3 hrs Interdisciplinary courses); 40 hours in Biology; 38 hours in supportive courses; and passing the examination on the state and federal constitutions.

Specific Requirements

Required Courses (37 credit hours)

BIOL 1600/ 160, 1710/ 171, 3040/ 240, 3050/ 250, 2550/ 255, 3690/ 269, 4280/ 328,

4510/ 351, 4520/ 352 and 4900/ 390; BOT 2050/ 205; ZOOL 2040/ 204.

Elective Biology Courses (3 credit hours)

One of the following: BIOL 4500/ 305, 470/ 317, or 4250/ 325.

Required Supportive Courses (38 credit hours)

CHEM 1550/ 155, 1560/ 156, 2500/ 251, 2510/ 254 and 4302/ 302; PHYS

1510/ 151 and 1520/ 152; MATH 1200/ 162, 1210/ 163, and 1410/ 261.

Premedical/Predental Option

General Requirements

  • Admission to the program is contingent upon good academic standing and acceptance by the department.
  • Successful completion of University examinations in English, mathematics, and reading is required prior to formal acceptance into the program. A Chicago State University cumulative grade point average of 2.7 or better must be attained before formal acceptance into the program.
  • The department will not accept D transfer credits in any biology or chemistry courses.
  • Achievement of a grade of C or better in all required biology courses at Chicago State University is required.
  •  
  • A maximum of one chemistry or required supportive course with a D grade earned at Chicago State University will be accepted.
  • Once enrolled at Chicago State University, biology majors may not take a major or supportive course at a two-year college.
  • Completion of 120 semester hours of work: 15hrs of Gen Ed (6hrs Composition, 6 hrs Foreign language,3 hrs Math; 27hrs of General requirements : 9 hrs Humanities, 9hrs Physical and life sciences, 9hrs Social sciences (with embedded requirements of 3 hrs Critical thinking, 3hrs Diversity course, 3hrs Fine Arts and 3 hrs Interdisciplinary courses); 56 hours in biology and chemistry; 18 hours in supportive courses; 4 hours in electives selected under departmental advisement and to include internship when appropriate; and passing the examination on the state and federal constitution.

Specific Requirements

Required Courses in the Biological Sciences (35 credit hours)

BIOL 1600/ 160, 1710/ 171, 3040/ 240, 3050/ 250, 2550/ 255, 4520/ 352; BOT 2050/ 205; PSLY 2040/ 204, 4330/ 333, 4035/ 335; ZOOL 2040/ 204 and 2050/ 250.

Required Courses in Chemistry (16 credit hours)

CHEM 1550/ 155, 1560/ 156, 2500/ 251, 2510/ 254.

Required Supportive Courses (18 credit hours)

PHYS 1510/ 151, 1520/ 152; MATH 1200/ 162, 1210/ 163, 1410/261.

Elective Courses in Biology and Chemistry (5 credit hours)

5 hours selected from 2000 and 3000 level courses in biology or chemistry with the approval of the departmental academic advisor. At least three of these courses must be in biology.

Secondary Teaching Option in Biological Sciences

General Requirements:

Students must:

  • Pass the examination on the state and federal constitutions.
  • Complete 126-129 credit hours in: General Education 38 credit hours

Area of Specialization 61-64 credit hrs. Professional Education 27 credit hours

Specific Requirements

General Education (38 credit hours)

Composition 6 credit hours

ENG 1270/ 127 and 1280/ 128.

Humanities 15 credit hours

CMAT 1130/ 113; 3 hours in English; 3 hours in any humanities, 6 hours in a single foreign language.

Social Sciences (15 credit hours)

HIST 1300/ 130 or 1310/ 131; POL 1010/ 101; PSYC 1100/ 141 and

2040/ 204; GEOG 1499/ 103 or 3 hours in social science.

Health and/or Physical Development

2 hours of elective courses in health and/or

physical development approved by advisor.

Required Courses (35 credit hours)

BIOL 1600/ 160, 1710/ 171, 3040/ 240, 3050/ 250, 2550/ 255, 3690/ 269, and 3055/ 355; ZOOL 2040/ 204; BOT 2050/ 205; PSLY 2040/ 204.

Required Supportive Courses (26-29 credit hours)

BIOL 1092/ 092; MATH 1200/ 162 and 1210/ 163; CHEM

1550/ 155, 1560/ 156; PHYS 1510/ 151 and 1520/ 152; PH

S 1114/ 114 (or GEOG 1499/ 103 in general education.)

Professional Education (26 credit hours)

ELCF 1520/ 152, 2000/ 200, 4500/ 353*; READ 4100/ 306*; PSYC

2020/ 206; S ED 4301/ 301 and 4303/ 303*; BIOL 4630/363*, 4750/375* and CAS 3630/363.

The courses must be passed with at least a grade of C.

* Restricted to students admitted to the College of Education.

Medical Sciences Dual Degree Programs with Professional Schools

Under this curriculum, students attend three years of study at Chicago State University and then matriculate to the specific health professional school applied to and complete four years of study. Once students have successfully completed one year at the health professional school, they will receive a baccalaureate degree from Chicago State University’s Department of Biology. Currently there are two dual degree programs; one with the University of Illinois Urbana/Champaign College of Veterinary Medicine and the other with Palmer College of Chiropractic.

Curriculum Pattern:

First Year

Summer - 9 hours general electives 

Fall Semester

 

Spring Semester

 

BIOL 1710

3

Zoology 2040

3

ENG 1270

3

ENG 128

3

MATH 1200

3

MATH 1210

3

CHEM 1550

4

CHEM 1560

4

For. Lang

3

For. Lang

3

Second Year

Summer-12 hours Gen. Ed. electives

Fall Semester

 

Spring Semester

 

PSLY 2040

4

ZOOL 2050

4

BOT 2050

3

BIOL 3050

4

MATH 1410

4

CHEM 2510

4

CHEM 2500

4

Gen Ed Elec.

3

BIOL 1600

1

Gen Ed Elec.

3

Third Year

Fall Semester

 

Spring Semester

 

BIOL 3050

3

BIOL 4520

3

PSLY 4330

4

PSLY 4035

4

PHYS 1510

4

PHYS 1520

4

CHEM 4302

4

Gen Ed Elec.

3

Students are required to complete a total of 116 credit hours, 36 of which must be earned general education courses.

Minor in Biological Sciences (22 credit hours)

The requirements for minors must be completed prior to graduation in order for the minor to appear on the transcript. For more information about minors, see the chairperson of the department. Completion of 22 credit hours in biology to be selected with the help of a department advisor, including a maximum of three courses at the 100 level, a minimum of one course at the 300 level, and a minimum of three laboratory courses.

Biology (BIOL) Course Offerings

The prerequisite for any 2000-level course in Biology, Botany, Physiology, and Zoology is the successful completion of the university qualifying exam in Reading in addition to the specific requirements of each course. The prerequisite for any 3000-level course is the successful completion of the university qualifying exams in Reading and English in addition to the specific requirements of each course.

1092/ 092 ILLINOIS BIOLOGY TEACHER CERTIFICATION REVIEW (1)

Co-requisite:BIOL 4630/ 363

Preparation for the State Teacher Certification Examination in science. Credit does not count toward graduation.

1000 FRESHMAN SEMINAR (1)

Introduction to the expectations of the university. Instruction will be given in how to navigate to a successful degree and avoid pitfalls of university life. The promotion of effective study skills, identify and explore campus resources, promotion of effective communication skills to assist in acclimation to university life. For Biology majors with freshman standing.

1070/ 107 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE SURVEY I LECTURE AND LABORATORY /4/ (3)

Basic biological concepts of plants including the structure and function of cellular components, tissues, and organs; mitosis, meiosis, and heredity; life history survey of selected groups of plants including the reproduction of flowering plants. Credit not given for both BIOL 1070/ 107 and 1510/ 151. Additional course fee. IAI: L1 900L

1080/ 108 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE SURVEY II LECTURE AND LABORATORY /4/ (3)

Investigation of major animal systems, including skeletal, digestive, circulatory, urogenital, and nervous systems. A survey of the animal kingdom. Additional course fee. IAI: L1902L

1150/ 115 HUMAN BIOLOGY (3)

The human species will be examined in terms of energy flow, organ systems, and evolution. IAI: L1 904

1190/ 119 HUMANITY AND NATURE LECTURE AND LABORATORY /4/ (3)

An introduction to the principles of ecology, including adaptations of organisms to their environment and interactions among organisms. Focus will be on how the actions of humans affect other organisms and the

environment we live in. Field trips to representative habitats within the Chicago region. IAI: L1905L

1230/ 123 BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION (3)

A survey of the diversity of reproductive patterns in living things, including reproductive strategies and sexual behavior.

1250/ 125 BIOLOGY OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (3)

Basic biological concepts relating to parasitism by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and insects associated with sexually transmitted diseases. This

information will provide the basis for discussions of available therapeutic treatment and the eventual eradication of these diseases.

1400/ 140 BIOTECHNOLOGY AND HUMAN AFFAIRS (3)

The impact of the biotechnology revolution on society will be examined, especially the ways in which molecular genetics presents us with ethical, legal, economic, and social dilemmas. IAI: L1 905

1510/ 151 CONCEPTS OF BIOLOGY /4/ (3)

Prerequisite:Fifteen hours of college credits.

Biology for elementary school teachers. Development of basic biological concepts, materials, and techniques used in the elementary school. Credit not given for both BIOL 1510/ 151 and BIOL 1070/ 107. Additional course fee.

1600/ 160 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL PROFESSIONS (1)

Prerequisite:BIOL 1710/ 171 or consent of department.

Survey of career opportunities of biology professionals employed in education, health, government, industry, environmental, and recreational fields. A review of the skills, training, and education required for the various occupations. May not be used for general education.

1710/ 171 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY LECTURE/DISCUSSION/LABORATORY /6/ (3)

Prerequisite:Enrollment as a biology, chemistry or pre-physical therapy major; successful completion of university qualifying examinations in reading and

mathematics.

Major concepts of biology; cell structure and function, metabolism, homeostasis, genetics, evolution, and biodiversity. Emphasis on diversity of prokaryotes and the early evolution of life on Earth. Additional course fee.

1720/ 172 INTRODUCTORY HORTICULTURE/4/ (3)

An introduction to horticulture; emphasis will be on understanding the fundamentals of horticulture and on small scale, backyard and city gardening. Handson lab and green house work will complement the lectures. Credit not given for both BIOL 1720/ 172 and BOT 1720/ 172. Additional course fee.

2001/ 301 THE BIOLOGY OF AFRICA (3)

Prerequisite:One year of biology.

Special biological and ecological features of Africa; emphasis on the tropical regions and their relationship to present biological and ecological crisis and potential biological resources. Africa’s biological contributions, past and present, to life on earth. (This course satisfies the elective course requirements for the African American Studies major or minor.)

2010/ 210 PLANTS AND HUMAN AFFAIRS (3)

Prerequisite:One semester of college biology.

Plants and their influence on world cultures. Their impact on religion, medicine, language, civilization, travel and economics. A broadly based course designed for general interest. (Does not count as elective credit for biology majors.)

2011/ 211 ANIMALS AND HUMAN AFFAIRS (3)

Prerequisite:One undergraduate biology course.

The importance of other animals to humans and effect of humans on other animals. Evolution of humans and other animals, exploitation of animals for food and other commodities, socio-cultural relationships between humans and other animals, and the biomedical importance of other animals to humans. (Does not count as elective credit for biology majors.)

2020/ 220 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6 / (4)

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying examination in reading, BIOL 1080/ 108 or ZOOL 2040/ 204, and current enrollment as a nursing major.

A systemic approach to human anatomy and physiology. Includes lectures on body systems, laboratories on physiological processes, and study of human skeletons and prosected human cadavers. Credit not given for both BIOL2020/ 220 and either PSLY 2040/ 204 or ZOOL 2050/ 250.

2021/ 221 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY II LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6/ (4)

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying examination in reading, BIOL 2020/ 220, and current enrollment as a nursing major.

Continuation of BIOL 2020/ 220. A systemic approach to human anatomy and physiology. Includes lectures on body systems, laboratories on physiological processes, and study of human skeletons and prosected human cadavers. Credit not given for both BIOL 2021/ 221and either PSLY 2040/ 204 or ZOOL 2050/ 250.

2059/ 259 INTRODUCTORY MICROBIOLOGY LECTURE AND LABORATORY /5 (3)

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying examinations in reading; one semester of college biology and one semester of college chemistry.

Principles of growth and activity in microorganisms. Applications to agriculture, industry, and medicine.

(Does not count as elective credit for biology majors.) IAI: NUR 905

2200 INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN SEXUALITY (3)

Human sexuality from the biological, physiological, sociological, and cultural contexts. Biological processes of sex and their impact on sensuality. Contemporary social norms and values related to sex, placing emphasis on gender roles and gay, lesbian, bi-sexual, and transgender identities. Team taught. Not accepted for elective credit for biology majors.

2550/ 255 POPULATIONS, COMMUNITIES AND ECOSYSTEMS LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6/ (3)

Prerequisite:BIOL 1710/ 171; BOT 2050/ 205; ZOOL 2040/ 204; successful completion of university qualifying examination in reading, mathematics, and English.

Interrelationships between organisms and their environments. Emphasis on evolution and emergent properties of populations, communities and ecosystems. (Two field trips; writing emphasis course); (Lab fee.)

2810/250 INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH IN BIO-MATHEMATICS (3)

Prerequisites:MATH 1200/162; BOT 2050/205; ZOOL 2040/204; or consent of instructor.

Introduction to mathematical software in biological modeling, difference equations in Microsoft Excel, matrix methods, eigen values, linearization and stability, equilibria. Further topics may include: phylogenetics, population dynamics, and ecology. Data will be collected in the field. Term paper required. Credit not given for both MATH 2810/251 and BIOL 2810/251.

3040/ 240 GENETICS LECTURE/DISCUSSION/LABORATORY /6/ (4)

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying exams in English and reading; CHEM 1550/ 155, CHEM 1560/ 156 MATH 1200/ 162; ZOOL 2040/ 204; and BOT 2050/ 205 or enrollment as a chemistry major.

Principles of Mendelian inheritance, chromosome theory, genetic mapping, DNA structure and function, and gene regulation. Writing emphasis course. Additional course fee.

3050/ 250 AN INTRODUCTION TO CELL BIOLOGY LECTURE AND DISCUSSION /4/ (3) 

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying exams in English, reading and mathematics; ZOOL 2040/ 204, BOT 2050/ 205, BIOL 3040/ 240, and CHEM 1560/ 156 or equivalents.

Introductory study of the relationship between cellular structure and function at the molecular level.

3055/355 EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY (3)

Prerequisite:BIOL 240 and BOT 205.

An investigation into the scope and significance of evolution, including the basic principles and mechanisms of evolution. Discussion of issues currently debated by evolutionary biologists.

3065/ 265 INDIVIDUAL TOPICS (2-4)

Prerequisite:Advanced undergraduate status in biological science and advance permission of the faculty member.

Independent study in an area of biology suited to the student’s needs and past training under the supervision of a faculty member.

3080/ 280 FIELD BIOLOGY /6 / (4)

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying examination in reading; BOT 2050/ 205 and ZOOL 2040/ 204.

Taxonomic study of flora and fauna of the Chicago region. Collection and identification of common plants and animals using manuals, field guides and dichotomous keys. Field trips required. Note: The prerequisite for any 3000-level course is the successful completion of the university qualifying exams in reading and English.

3100 PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY/45  (3)

Applied aspects of biotechnology for improving plants for enhances qualities including nutritional value, stress tolerance, disease tolerance, increasing the product ion of medicinally useful compounds, environmental management and engineering plants for bio-fuels.  Regulations, ethics, socio-economic and ecological aspects of plant genetic engineering. 

3690/ 269 MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY /6 / (4)

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying examinations in reading; BIOL 3050/ 250 or CHEM 2510/ 254 or equivalent.

Basic microbiological concepts with emphasis on fundamentals of microbiology and laboratory techniques with applications to molecular microbiology: beginnings of microbial physiology and ecology, classification of microorganisms, bacterial metabolism, growth and genetics, recombinant DNA and genetic engineering interaction between microbes and hosts, applied microbiology. Credit will not be given for both BIOL 2059/ 259 and 3690/ 269. Additional course fee.

4015/ 315 BIOMETRICS (3)

Prerequisite:BIOL 1710/ 171, 2550/ 255 and four additional biology courses and MATH 1200/ 162.

Statistics and related mathematics as currently applied in the biological and health sciences. Includes graphs and tables; descriptive statistics; populations, samples, and inference; hypothesis testing.

4035/ 335 SEMINAR IN RESEARCH (1)

Prerequisite:16 credit hours in physical or biological sciences, and consent of the instructor.

Instruction in critical reading and understanding of current research literature in the chemical and biological sciences. Utilization of current literature to prepare and carry out a scientifically accurate presentation (publication or meeting talk) of data and results from research endeavors.

BIOL 4040 GENOMICS AND EVOLUTION /4 (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 3040 or consent of instructor.

Overview of evolutionary genetics in light of the genomics era. Designed to give students a broad background in a new kind of evolutionary analysis that is driven largely by technology.

4070/ 307 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS LECTURE AND LABORATORY /8/ (4)

Prerequisite:CHEM 1550/ 155, one semester of biology, and consent of the instructor.

Practical field and laboratory-based skills for assessing environmental impact in an urban setting using EPA protocols. Preparation of an Environmental Impact

Statement for a local project selected in consultation with local environmental professionals and citizen groups. Experienced professionals will speak on legal, ecological, consulting and other aspects of environmental impact analysis. Additional course fee.

4170/ 317 IMMUNOLOGY LECTURE AND LABORATORY/6 / (4)

Prerequisite:BIOL 3690/ 269, CHEM 2510/ 254 or equivalent.

Basic immunological concepts and laboratory techniques with applications to biological research: chemistry of antigens, antibodies and antigen-antibody reactions; cellular immunology including antibody formation, hypersensitivity, immunogenetics, autoimmunity, and transplantation immunology, and immunity and immunopathology including the immunological mechanisms of disease. Credit will not be given for both BIOL 4170/ 317 and 5170/ 417.

4250/ 325 VIROLOGY LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6/ (4)

Prerequisite:BIOL 3690/ 269 and CHEM 2510/ 254 or equivalent.

Viral structure and function. Characterization of bacteriophage and viruses of clinical importance. Application

of modern techniques for isolation and characterization of bacteriophages. Credit will not be given for both BIOL 4250/ 325 and 5250 / 425. Additional course fee.

4280/ 328 MICROBIAL GENETICS LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6 / (4)

Prerequisite:BIOL 3040/ 240 and 3690/ 269; CHEM 2510/ 254 or equivalent.

Molecular basis of inheritance in viruses, bacteria, and fungi. The role of microbes in understanding basic genetic principles and their roles in genetic engineering. Laboratory techniques with application to biological research. Credit not given for both BIOL 4280/ 328 and 5280/ 428. Additional course fee.

4450/ 345 TECHNIQUES IN ELECTRON MICROSCOPY LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6 (4)

Prerequisite:For science majors only. Completion of 12 hours in the major; BIOL 3050/ 250 and permission of the instructor.

Instrument and specimen preparation theory for both transmission (TEM) and scanning (SEM) electron microscopy. Preparation of specimens for examination in both TEM and SEM. Basic darkroom and digital image presentation. Substantial work outside of class time is required. Credit will not be given for both BIOL 4450/ 345 and any of the following courses 340, 341, 441, 5450/ 445.

4500/ 305 APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY LECTURE AND LABORATORY/6 / (4)

Prerequisite:BIOL 3690/ 269 or equivalent.

Industrial application of microorganisms, quality control and production. Analysis of water and food for pollution and public health. Credit not given for both BIOL 4500/ 305 and 5190/ 419. Additional course fee.

4510/ 351 MOLECULAR BIOLOGY /4/ (3)

Prerequisite:BIOL 3050/ 250, CHEM 2510/ 254.

Chemistry of major cellular macromolecules and their role in the structure and function of the cell. Emphasis on the nucleic acids, protein synthesis and molecular genetics, including genetic bioengineering.

4520/ 352 CELL BIOLOGY LABORATORY /6 (3)

Prerequisite:BIOL 3050/ 250.

Application of modern techniques to the study of cell biology, with emphasis on methods for isolation and analysis of cellular organelles and macromolecules.

4610/361 SELECTED TOPICS IN BIOLOGY (1-4)

In-depth study of selected topics in the biological sciences. Subject matter for each selected topic will be determined by instructor and student interests. Course may be repeated under different topics.

4630/363 METHODS OF TEACHING BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS (GRADES 6-12) /FIELD (3)

Prerequisite:Admission to College of Education, ELCF 4500/353 and READ 4100/306 (or concurrent enrollment in ELCF 4500/353 and READ 4100/306); and consent of the department.

Co-requisite: CAS 3600/363.

Methods of teaching biological sciences in high school grades 9-12 and middle school grades 6-8. Thirty hours of tutoring middle grade and high school grade students. Credit will not be given for both BIOL 214 and BIOL 4630/363.

4690/369 INDEPENDENT STUDY OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE (2-4)

Prerequisite:Permission of the faculty sponsor and the undergraduate advisor, subject to departmental approval.

Independent research suited to the student’s needs and past training under the direction of a faculty member.

4720 INQUIRY-BASED INSTRUCTION IN THE HIGH SCHOOL CLASSROOM; ACTIVITY-BASED BIOLOGY (3)

Prerequisites:Consent of the department. Does not count toward M.S. in Biology degree and does not replace 2 upper level biology course requirements for M.A.T.

Variety of biology topics appropriate for implementation in the high school classroom. Pedagogical implication of inquiry-based instructional materials and use of modern equipment in the classroom. Biology 4720 can be taken for only 3 credits.

4725 PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE IN BIOLOGY/6 (6)

Prerequisite: Consent of the department.

In-depth examination and practice of Pedagogical Content Knowledge associated with core biology topics taught in high schools.  A formal action research project conducted with students in grade 6-12 is required.  Additional course fee.

4730/373 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (4)

Prerequisite:BIOL 2550/255, 3055/355, and CHEM 2500/251.

The biological consequences of overpopulation, depletion of natural resources, pollution, and environmental degradation to plants and animals, including humans. Discussion of both the theoretical and practical aspects of conservation of plants and animals. Combining theoretical concepts from ecology, genetics, evolution, and chemistry to evaluate the possible solutions to these problems.

4750/375 STUDENT TEACHING: SECONDARY LEVEL BIOLOGY (6)

Prerequisite:Admission to the College of Education; completion of all other coursework in the approved program; a 2.5 grade point average in the area of specialization, in professional education, and in all coursework required in the approved program; and a passing score on the subject matter/content area certification test within the last five years.

Off-campus placement in secondary level schools in two or more grade levels. University and cooperating school supervision. Five full days including seminar for 16 weeks. No other courses may be taken during the semester of student teaching. Credit will not be given for both BIOL 275 and BIOL 4750/375.

4900/390 RECOMBINANT DNA LABORATORY/ LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6 (3)

Prerequisite:BIOL 4510/351 and CHEM 4302/302.

Application of modern techniques used in molecular biology and analysis of mammalian genomes using state-of-the-art methodologies such as PCR and DNA sequencing.

4910/391 INTERNSHIP IN ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (3-6)

Prerequisite:Consent of the department.

Field experience at an off-campus site guided by a faculty advisor and a site supervisor. Sites, including zoos, area park districts, botanical gardens, nature preserves, and laboratories, determined by availability.

4920/392 INTERNSHIP IN CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (3-6)

Prerequisite:Consent of the department.

Field experience in cellular/molecular biology at an off-campus site.

4930/393 INTERNSHIP IN MICROBIOLOGY (3-6)

Prerequisite:Upper division standing, 2.7 (or better) GPA overall and in major, consent of the department. 

Opportunity to obtain practical biologically-related research/quality control experience by working under faculty direction as an intern with local, state, federal or private agencies. Written report will be submitted for evaluation.

4935/395 BIOTECHNOLOGY I/6 / (4)

Prerequisites:BIOL 3040/240 or the consent of the department.

Integrated approach of biotechnology with emphasis on genetic engineering for practical applications: genetic engineering of microbes, agricultural plants, animals. Medical, environmental, and forensic biotechnology; socio-economic issues of biotechnology.

Botany (BOT) Course Offerings

1720/172 INTRODUCTORY HORTICULTURE/4/ (3)

An introduction to horticulture; emphasis will be on understanding the fundamentals of horticulture and on small scale, backyard and city gardening. Hands on lab and green house work will complement the lectures. Credit not given for both BIOL 1720/172 and BOT 1720/172. Additional course fee.

2050/205 BIOLOGY OF ALGAE, PLANTS AND FUNGI /6 /LECTURE AND LABORATORY (3)

Prerequisite:BIOL 1710/171 and successful completion of university qualifying examinations in reading, mathematics, and English.

Diversity of algae, plants, and fungi. Comparative studies of the structure, reproduction, growth, development, physiology, ecology, natural histories, and evolution of algae, plants, and fungi. Emphasis on adaptive physiological mechanisms for acquiring and using energy and nutrients, gas exchange, and reproduction. (Writing emphasis course; Additional course fee.)

2100/210 PRINCIPLES OF HORTICULTURE /5/LECTURE AND LABORATORY (3)

Prerequisite:45 hours of college credit.

Analysis of growth factors in cultivated plants; modern techniques used in producing commercial and ornamental varieties of vegetative and flowering plants. Emphasis on vegetation of the Chicago region. Regular field trips to local horticultural establishments.

4600/360 SELECTED TOPICS IN BOTANY /1-6/LECTURE AND LABORATORY (1-4)

Prerequisite:Consent of the department.

In-depth study of selected topics in botany. Subject matter for each selected topic will be determined by instructor and student interests. Course may be repeated under different topics.

4620/362 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY /6 LECTURE AND LABORATORY (4)

Prerequisite:One year of botany courses and CHEM 3020/302.

Physiological processes of plants. Environmental influences.

Physiology (PSLY) Course Offerings

2040/204 HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LECTURE/DISCUSSION/LABORATORY /6 / (4)

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying examination in reading; BIOL 1080/108 or ZOOL 2040/204.

Basic physiology of muscular contraction, circulation, digestion, respiration, excretion, body fluids, and reproduction. Credit may not be received for both PSLY 201 and 2040/204. Additional course fee. IAI NUR 903

Note: The prerequisite for any 300-level course is the successful completion of the university qualifying exams in reading and English.

4035/335 HOMEOSTATIC MECHANISMS/ADVANCED HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6/ (4)

Prerequisite:Physiology 2040/204.

Examination of the contributions of the respiratory, renal and cardiovascular systems in the maintenance of homeostasis of the internal environment. Credit will not be given for both Physiology 4035/335 and Physiology 5035/435.

4036 ENERGETIC AND DEFENSE PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS (4)

Prerequisites:Physiology 2040 or consent of the instructor.

Basic mechanisms of gastrointestinal, lymphatic, integumentary, and musculoskeletal system functions and their role in human health and well being. Credit will not be given for both Physiology 4036 and Physiology 5036.

4200/320 COMPARATIVE CELLULAR NEUROPHYSIOLOGY (4)

Prerequisite:PSLY 2040/204 or equivalent.

Survey of animal nervous systems used in the formulation of current theories of nerve physiology from a historical and experimental perspective. Cellular approach to the study of the nervous system, including synaptic biophysics, nerve microanatomy, and nervous integration.

4210/321 COMPARATIVE ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (3)

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying examinations in reading and English; ZOOL 2040/204 and CHEM 2510/254.

The physiological and biochemical diversity of animals. Emphasis on the physiological mechanisms involved in adaptation to habitat.

4330/333 PHYSIOLOGICAL CONTROL MECHANISMS LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6/ (4)

Prerequisite:PSLY 2040/204 and admission to the premedical/predental option or consent of the department.

Endocrine and nervous control mechanisms. An analysis of glandular and central nervous system functioning as they relate to normal body physiology and behavior patterns.

4600/360 SELECTED TOPICS IN PHYSIOLOGY LECTURE AND LABORATORY /1-6 (1-4)

Prerequisite:Consent of the department.

In-depth study of selected topics in physiology. Subject matter for each selected topic will be determined by instructor and student interests. Course may be repeated under different topics.

Zoology (ZOOL) Course Offerings

2040/204 BIOLOGY OF ANIMALS LECTURE AND /LABORATORY /6 (3)

Prerequisite:BIOL 1710/171 and successful completion of university qualifying examinations in reading and mathematics.

Diversity of animals. Comparative studies of the structure, reproduction, growth, development, physiology, ecology, natural histories, and evolution of animals. Emphasis on adaptive physiological mechanisms for acquiring and using energy, excretion, gas exchange, movement, reproduction, and development. Additional course fee.

2050/250 HUMAN FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY LABORATORY /6 (4)

Prerequisite:Successful completion of the university qualifying examinations in reading; BIOL 1080/108 or ZOOL 2040/204.

A systemic approach to human anatomy. Includes lectures on neural pathways, demonstrations on prosected human cadavers, and student study of skeletons and dissection. Credit not given for both ZOOL 2050/250 and PSLY 202. Lab fee.

2610/261 FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY - SUPPLEMENTARY LABORATORY (2)

Prerequisite:ZOOL 2050/250 or equivalent and enrollment as a pre-physical therapy or pre-occupational therapy major, or consent of the instructor.

Intensive study of prosected human cadavers; includes detailed practical examinations on human cadaver anatomy. Students should plan to spend several hours per week in the laboratory outside of class time.

Note: The prerequisite for any 300-level course is the successful completion of the university qualifying exams in reading and English.

4290/329 HISTOLOGY LECTURE AND LABORATORY /6 (4)

Prerequisite:PSLY 2040/204 and ZOOL 2050/250.

Microscopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues and organs. Structure and functional relationships of tissues. Study of prepared slides of vertebrate tissues and organs. Additional course fee.

4400/340 SELECTED TOPICS IN ZOOLOGY LECTURE AND LABORATORY /1-6 (1-4)

Prerequisite:Consent of the department.

In-depth study of selected topics in zoology. Subject matter for each selected topic will be determined by instructor and student interests. Course may be repeated under different topics.

4600/360 GROSS ANATOMY LABORATORY /6 (3)

Prerequisite:ZOOL 2050/250 and consent of the department.

Anatomical study of the human body based on dissection of cadaver. Additional course fee.